International Instruments and Mechanisms for the Fight against Torture


Compiled by
Akram H. Chowdhury

  • African Charter on Human and Peoples ' Rights (A-27 June 1981, 21 October 1986)
  • African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (A- 11 July 1990, E- 29 November 1999)
  • African Commission on Human Rights and People's Rights
  • American Convention on Human Rights (A- 22 November 1969, E -18 July 1978)
  • Amnesty International 12-Point program for the Prevention of Torture by Agents of the State (A-1983)
  • Arab Charter on Human Rights (A-15 September 1994)
  • Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners (A- 14 December 1990)
  • Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials (A- 27 August to7 September 1990)
  • Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any From of Detention or Imprisonment (A- 9 December 1988)
  • Charter for European Security (Istanbul 19 November 1999)
  • Charter of the Fundamental Rights of the European Union (Nice, France 7 December 2000)
  • Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials (A-17 December 1979)
  • Concluding document of the Third Follow- Up Meeting of OSCE/CSCE (Vienna, Austria, 15 Junary 1989)
  • Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (A- 10 December 1984, E- 26 June 1987)
  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (A-18 December 1979)
  • Convention on the Prevention Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (A-9 December 1948, E-12 January 1951)
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child (A- 20 November 1989, E- 2 September 1990)
  • Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power (A 29 November 1985)
  • Declaration of Basic principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power (A- 29 November 1985)
  • Declaration of Geneva (A- September 1948)
  • Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (A-20 December 1993)
  • Declaration on the Human Rights of Individuals who are not Nationals of the
  • Country in which They Live (A- 13 December 1985)
  • Declaration on the Protection all persons from Enforced Disappearance (A-18 December 1992)
  • Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (A- 9 December 1975)
  • Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict (A-14 December 1974)
  • Declaration on the Rights and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (A- 9 December 1998)
  • Document of the Copenhagen Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension of
  • the OSCE (Copenhagen , 29 June 1990)
  • Document of the Moscow Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension of the
  • OSCE (Moscow, 3 October 1991)
  • European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading
  • Treatment or Punishment (CPT)
  • European Convention for the Prevention of torture and Inhuman or Degrading
  • Treatment or Punishment (A- 26 November 1987, E- 1 February 1989)
  • European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (A- 4 November 1950)
  • European Convention on the Compensation of Victims of Violent Crimes (A-24
  • November 1983, E- 1 February 1988)
  • European Court of Human Rights
  • Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Filed (A -12 August 1949)
  • Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and
  • Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea (A- 12 August 1949)
  • Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in time of War (A- 12 August 1949)
  • Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War (A- 12 August 1949)
  • Guidelines Concerning Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment (A-1995)
  • Guidelines to EU policy towards thirds countries on torture and other Cruel, In
  • human or degrading treatment or punishment (A- 9 April 2001)
  • Inter- American Commission on Human Rights
  • Inter- American Convention on the Forced Disappearance of Persons (A- 9 June 1994, E-28 March 1996)
  • Inter- American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of
  • Violence against Women (A- 9 June 1994, E- 5 March 1995)
  • Inter- American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women ( A- 9 June 1994, E- 5 March 1995)
  • Inter- American Court of Human Rights
  • International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial
  • Discrimination (A- 21 December 1965, E- 4 January 1969)
  • International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of
  • Apartheid (A- 30 November 1973, E- 18 July 1976)
  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (A-16 December 1966, E - 23 March 1976)
  • International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (A- 16 December 1966, E- 3 January 1976)
  • Madrid Declaration on Ethical Standards for Psychiatric Practice (A- 25 August 1996)
  • Nurses and Human Rights (A-1998)
  • Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (A- 6 October 1999)
  • Optional protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (A- 16 December 1966, E- 23 March 1976)
  • Principles of Medical Ethics relevant to the Role of Health Personnel , particularly Physicians, in the Protection of Prisoners and Detainees against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (A- 18 December 1982)
  • Principles on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
  • Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (A- 8 June 1979)
  • Protocol II Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the protection of Victims of Non- International Armed Conflicts (A- 8 June 1977)
  • Resolution 690 (1976) on the Declaration on the Police (A- 8 May 1979)
  • Resolution on Violence against Women (A- 3-8 August 1997)
  • Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (A-17 July 1988)
  • Special Rapporteur on prisons and Conditions of Detention in Africa
  • Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (A- 13 May 1977)
  • Statement by the International Union of Psychological Science (A-1976)
  • Statement of Madrid (A-1989)
  • Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (A- 8 November 1994)
  • Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (A-25 May 1993)
  • The Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam (A- 1990)
  • The Nurse's Role in the Care of Detainees and Prisoners (A- 1998)
  • The Oath of Athens (A-1979)
  • The Prishtina Declaration on National Psychosocial Rehabilitation, Peaceful Co -existence and Prevention of Torture (A- 26 June 2000)
  • Torture, Death Penalty and Participation by Nurses in Executions (A- 1998)
  • UN Commission on Human Rights
  • UN Committee against Torture
  • UN committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
  • Committee on the Rights of the Child
  • UN Human Rights Committee
  • UN Special Rapporteur on the Question of Torture
  • UN Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, its Causes and Consequences
  • UN Special Representative on Human Rights Defenders
  • United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial
  • Discrimination (A- 20 November 1963)
  • United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty (A-14 December 1990)
  • United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (A-29 November 1985)
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights (A- 10 December 1948)
    English Bengli
  • Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action (A-25 June 1993)
  • World Medical Association Declaration Concerning Support for Medical Doctors Refusing to Participate in, or to Condone, the Use of Torture of Other Forms of Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (A- 1997)
  • World Medical Association Declaration- Guidelines for Medical Doctors Concerning Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment in Relation to Detention and Imprisonment (A- October 1975)